Subsidence monitoring network: an Italian example aimed at a sustainable hydrocarbon E&P activity
- 1ENI SpA – Geodynamics department, via del Marchesato 13, 48122 Marina di Ravenna, Italy
- 2ENI SpA – Geodynamics department, via F. Maritano 26, 20097 S. Donato M.se, Italy
Abstract. According to the Italian law in order to start-up any new hydrocarbon exploitation activity, an Environmental Impact Assessment study has to be presented, including a monitoring plan, addressed to foresee, measure and analyze in real time any possible impact of the project on the coastal areas and on those ones in the close inland located.
The occurrence of subsidence, that could partly be related to hydrocarbon production, both on-shore and off-shore, can generate great concern in those areas where its occurrence may have impacts on the local environment.
ENI, following the international scientific community recommendations on the matter, since the beginning of 90's years, implemented a cutting-edge monitoring network, with the aim to prevent, mitigate and control geodynamics phenomena generated in the activity areas, with a particular attention to conservation and protection of environmental and territorial equilibrium, taking care of what is known as "sustainable development".
The current ENI implemented monitoring surveys can be divided as:
– Shallow monitoring: spirit levelling surveys, continuous GPS surveys in permanent stations, SAR surveys, assestimeter subsurface compaction monitoring, ground water level monitoring, LiDAR surveys, bathymetrical surveys.
– Deep monitoring: reservoir deep compaction trough radioactive markers, reservoir static (bottom hole) pressure monitoring.
All the information, gathered through the monitoring network, allow:
1. to verify if the produced subsidence is evolving accordingly with the simulated forecast.
2. to provide data to revise and adjust the prediction compaction models
3. to put in place the remedial actions if the impact exceeds the threshold magnitude originally agreed among the involved parties.
ENI monitoring plan to measure and monitor the subsidence process, during field production and also after the field closure, is therefore intended to support a sustainable field development and an acceptable exploitation programme in which the actual risk connected with the field production is evaluated in advance, shared and agreed among all the involved subjects: oil company, stakeholders and local community (with interests in the affected area).