Articles | Volume 382
Proc. IAHS, 382, 63–70, 2020
Proc. IAHS, 382, 63–70, 2020

Pre-conference publication 22 Apr 2020

Pre-conference publication | 22 Apr 2020

Regulating Subsidence and its uncertainty in the Dutch Wadden Sea

Johannes A. de Waal and Mathijs W. Schouten

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On the uncertainties of monitoring subsidence from small sources: Dutch mining regulation on subsidence monitoring and its role in communication and accountability
Mathijs W. Schouten and Johannes A. de Waal
Proc. IAHS, 382, 531–537,,, 2020
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Production induced subsidence and seismicity in the Groningen gas field – can it be managed?
J. A. de Waal, A. G. Muntendam-Bos, and J. P. A. Roest
Proc. IAHS, 372, 129–139,,, 2015
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Cited articles

Candela, T. G. G., Fokker, P. A., and Hegen, D.: Ensemble-based subsidence interpretation and prediction ESIP: Technical Reference Manuel, TNO report R11278, January 2017, available at: (last access: 22 December 2019), 2017. 
de Waal, J. A., Roest, J. P. A., Fokker, P. A., Kroon, I. C., Breunese, J. N., Muntendam-Bos, A. G., Oost, A. P., and van Wirdum, G.: The effective subsidence capacity concept: How to assure that subsidence in the Wadden Sea remains within defined limits?, Neth. J. Geosci., 91, 385–399, 2012. 
de Waal, J. A., van Thienen-Visser, K., and Pruiksma, J. P.: Rate type isotach compaction of consolidated sandstone, in: Proceedings 49th US Rock mechanics/Geomechanics symposium (ARMA), San Francisco, 28 June–1 July, Volume: ARMA 15-436, 2015a. 
de Waal, J. A., Muntendam-Bos, A. G., and Roest, J. P. A.: Production induced subsidence and seismicity in the Groningen gas field – can it be managed?, Proc. IAHS, 372, 129–139,, 2015b. 
Eysink, W. D., Dijkema, K. S., Smit, C. J., and van Dobben, H. J.: Monitoring the effects of subsidence of the coastal island Ameland in the Wadden Sea, in: Proceedings 5th International Symposium on Land Subsidence, The Hague, 16–20 October 1995, Balkema, Rotterdam, 259–267, 1995. 
Short summary
Land subsidence from natural gas production is difficult to predict reliably. For the Dutch Wadden Sea – a UNESCO World Heritage Site – such uncertainties are further exacerbated by the observation of increases in subsidence rate against reservoir pressure drop. To assure proper management of the additional uncertainty, improvements in the regulatory approach have been implemented. With the new approach it can be confidently assured that subsidence (rate) will remain within the allowed range.