Articles | Volume 372
Proc. IAHS, 372, 53–57, 2015
Proc. IAHS, 372, 53–57, 2015

  12 Nov 2015

12 Nov 2015

Groundwater management based on monitoring of land subsidence and groundwater levels in the Kanto Groundwater Basin, Central Japan

K. Furuno et al.

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Short summary

Cited articles

Aihara, S., Ugata, H., Miyazawa, K., and Tanaka, U.: Problems on groundwater control in Japan, in: Land subsidence, IAHS-UNESCO, 2, 635–644, 1969.
Furuno, K., Nemoto, K., Takanashi, Y., Yada, T., Takizawa, H., Oshima, K., Saotome, W., and Nirei, H.: The Monitoring of land subsidence and groundwater head in the Kanto groundwater basin, Bulletin of Chiba Prefectural Research Institute for Environmental Pollution, 15, 99–108, 1983.
Ministry of Environment: Review of land subsidence, available at: (last access: 20 September 2015), 2015 (in Japanese).
Nirei, H. and Furuno, K.: Development of Quaternary Resources and Environmental Protection: Status of Underground fluid resources use in the Kanto groundwater basin, in: Recent Progress of Quaternary Research in Japan, edited by: Kaizuka, S., Aso, M., Endo, K., et al., National Committee for Quaternary Research in Japan, Tokyo, 11, 71–80, 1986.
Nirei, H., Kusuda, T., Suzuki, K., Kamura, K., Furuno, K., Hara, Y., Satoh, K., and Kazaoka, O.: The 1987 East Off Chiba Prefecture Earthquake and It's Hazards, Memoirs of the Geological Society of Japan, 35, 31–46, 1990.
Short summary
Groundwater extends to the base of the Kanto Plain, some 3,000 m below sea level. Much of the Kanto Plain surface is at sea level. By the early 1970’s, local overdraft of groundwater resources caused major ground subsidence. The lowlands around Tokyo subsided to 4.0 m below sea level. Local government led to installation of about 500 monitoring wells and about 5000 bench marks by the 1990’s. Many of them are still working with new monitoring system. Long-term monitoring is important.