Regionalization of coaxial correlation diagrams for the semi-humid and semi-arid catchments in Northern China
- College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Xikang Road，Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210098, China
Keywords: Regionalization, coaxial correlation diagrams, hydrological similarity, physical similarity, semi-humid and semi-arid catchments
Abstract. This study aims to identify both hydrologically and physically similar catchments which would be the best donors for runoff prediction in ungauged catchments. For this study, eight gauged catchments located in the semi-humid and semi-arid regions of Northern China were used. Hydrological similarity was defined based on the transferability of coaxial correlation diagrams. The physical similarity among catchments was determined by a weighted Euclidean distance based on 19 catchment descriptors including catchment topography, land cover, and soil type. The overlap between hydrologically similar catchments and physically similar catchments was then analysed to identify the best donors. The results suggest that six catchments were hydrologically similar, of which four catchments were both hydrologically and physically similar. It is argued that once a reliable coaxial correlation diagram has been established, the coaxial correlation diagram can be transferred from one catchment to another for runoff prediction, provided that these catchments are physical similar.