Articles | Volume 367
Proc. IAHS, 367, 447–454, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/piahs-367-447-2015
Proc. IAHS, 367, 447–454, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/piahs-367-447-2015

  03 Mar 2015

03 Mar 2015

Design of a semi-autonomous boat for measurements of coastal sedimentation and erosion

D. Smith, L. Cross, J. Rivet, and S. Hall D. Smith et al.
  • Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA

Keywords: Sediment measurement, coastal restoration, autonomous, coastal land accretion, monitoring, assessing

Abstract. Measurement of sediment deposition and erosion in coastal areas is a challenge due to soft shifting sediments, but is critical to assessing loss or restoration of coastal sediments and wetlands. The aim of this project was to design and construct a semi-autonomous boat with water depth measuring capabilities. It was intended to map the depth of coastal wetlands to determine erosion rates and assess coastal restoration effects. Depth-measuring equipment was incorporated into an autonomous pontoon boat powered by solar panels. The propulsion system consisted of two paddlewheels and two-way motors to allow movement and positioning for measurements. Modifications included a lightweight, hard coating on the pontoons and powder-coating the frame to extend their usable life. A microcontroller controlled the boat and captured depth data from sensors and location data with a GPS system. The depth measuring system consisted of a pulley and counter system that completed each measurement in less than 45 seconds. This allowed the boat to take approximately 400 measurements per day. Net accuracy was approximately 3 cm in the tested configuration. The boat can continually measure the depth of specified areas in the wetlands; with this data, the change in depth can be monitored to see the effects of restoration projects.

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