Articles | Volume 374
17 Oct 2016
 | 17 Oct 2016

A tentative discussion on the monitoring of water resources in China

Yang Jianqing, Dai Ning, Wu Mengying, and Wang Guangsheng

Abstract. With the rapid economy development and social civilization progress, the Chinese Government also is improving ecological environmental conditions. More efforts have been made to solve water problems through the implementation of stringent water resources management, as a key government policy on water. Thus, monitoring of water resources has been strengthened, being a main component of the hydrological work in recent years. Compared with routine hydrological monitoring, water resources monitoring pays more attention to the quantity and quality variations of regional waters, to reflect the status of water in river basins and administrative regions. In this paper, the overall layout of the hydrometric network in China is presented, monitoring efforts of the natural water cycle and water consumptions are analyzed, methodologies of water resources monitoring, which are commonly applied in the country, are summed up. Taking the hydrometric network planning on interprovincial boundary waterbodies as example, a summary of the planning at interprovincial boundary river sections is presented. The planning can meet the need of water resources management of administrative divisions. It can also improve the overall water resources monitoring for the country.

Short summary
This paper is based on a project of Hydrometric Network Planning on Interprovincial Boundary River Sections through investigation and analysis of current hydrometric network, where, monitoring capability of the natural water cycle and water consumptions are analyzed, monitoring methodologies are summed up. Hydrological stations on interprovincial boundary waters are set up to meet the need of administrative water resources management.