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Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences An open-access publication for refereed proceedings in hydrology
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Volume 370
Proc. IAHS, 370, 153–159, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/piahs-370-153-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Proc. IAHS, 370, 153–159, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/piahs-370-153-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  11 Jun 2015

11 Jun 2015

Simulating hydrological responses with a physically based model in a mountainous watershed

Q. Xu1,2,3, X. Chen1,4, J. Bi5, R. Ouyang6,7, and L. Ren1 Q. Xu et al.
  • 1The State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing, Jiangsu, P. R. China
  • 2Hydrology and Water Resources Department, NHRI, Nanjing Jiangsu, P. R. China
  • 3Research Centre of Climate Change, MWR, Nanjing Jiangsu, P. R. China
  • 4College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing, P. R. China
  • 5School of Computer Science and Technology, XiDian University, Xi'an, Shanxi, P. R. China
  • 6Bureau of Comprehensive Development Ministry of Water Resources, Beijing, P. R. China
  • 7Key Laboratory of Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P. R. China

Abstract. A physical and distributed approach was proposed by Reggiani et al. (1998) to describe the hydrological responses at the catchment scale. The rigorous balance equations for mass, momentum, energy and entropy are applied on the divided spatial domains which are called Representative Elementary Watershed (REW). Based on the 2nd law of thermodynamics, Reggiani (1999) put forward several constitutive relations of hydrological processes. Associated with the above equations, the framework of a physically based distributed hydrological model was established. The crucial step for successfully applying this approach is to develop physically based closure relations for these terms and simplify the set of equations. The paper showed how a theoretical hydrological model based on the REW method was applied to prosecute the hydrological response simulation for a humid watershed. The established model was used to carry on the long-term (daily runoff forecasting) and short-term (runoff simulation of storm event) hydrological simulation in the studied watershed and the simulated results were analysed. These results and analysis proved that this physically based distributed hydrological model can produce satisfied simulation results and describe the hydrological responses correctly. Finally, several aspects to improve the model demonstrated by the results and analysis were put forward which would be carried out in the future.

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The paper showed how a theoretical hydrological model based on the REW method was applied to prosecute the hydrological response simulation for a humid watershed. These results and analysis proved that this physically based distributed hydrological model can produce satisfied simulation results and describe the hydrological responses correctly.
The paper showed how a theoretical hydrological model based on the REW method was applied to...
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