Confined aquifer vulnerability induced by a pumping well in a leakage area
- 1School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, Hubei Province, 430074, China
- 2School of Water Resources and Hydropower, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an, Shanxi Province, 710048, China
- 3State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering & Science, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210029, China
Keywords: Vulnerability, confined aquifer, leaky, solute transport
Abstract. Due to the pollution of shallow groundwater and the rapid development of society and economy which consume more freshwater, the exploitation of confined groundwater is steadily increasing in north China. Therefore, the rapid decline of the confined groundwater head increases the risk of confined aquifer pollution by leaky recharge from shallow aquifers. In this paper, a quantitative method for assessing confined aquifer vulnerability to contamination due to pumping has been developed. This method is based on the shallow and confined groundwater flow model and the advection and dispersion in the aquitard, including sorption. The cumulative time for the pollutant concentration at the top boundary of confined aquifer exceeding the maximum allowable level is defined as the confined aquifer vulnerability index, which can be obtained by numerically solving the solute transport equation. A hypothetical example is chosen as a case study to illustrate the whole process. The results indicate that the proposed method is a practical and reasonable assessment method of confined aquifer vulnerability.