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Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences An open-access publication for refereed proceedings in hydrology
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Volume 368
Proc. IAHS, 368, 174–179, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/piahs-368-174-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Proc. IAHS, 368, 174–179, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/piahs-368-174-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  06 May 2015

06 May 2015

Research experiment on infiltration and runoff in Jujube land of northern Shaanxi Province

X. Song1 and P. Bai2 X. Song and P. Bai
  • 1State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-hydraulic engineering in Arid Area, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province 710048, China
  • 2Key Laboratory of Water Cycle & Surface Process, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China

Keywords: Richards’s equation, infiltration simulation, finite difference method, simulated rainfall, ponding time

Abstract. To provide guidance for the efficient use of rainwater in Jujube forests of the northern Shaanxi Province, research on the processes of infiltration and runoff under field simulated rainfall were conducted. The process of infiltration and runoff-yield on sloping land was simulated with Richards equation and the water balance equation under different rainfall intensities and soil water content, in the north of Shaanxi province. It reached results via comparing with observation results: the mean relative error of the period cumulative infiltration was less than 3%, with a root mean squared error (RSME) less than 0.3. The mean relative error of the period cumulative runoff was less than 12.5%, RSME < 0.4. The simulation results were reasonable; however, the simulation ponding time generally lagged behind measured ponding time probably because of spatial variation of saturated hydraulic conductivity and uneven rainfall.

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